Interior design is the science and art of improving the interior of a structure to create a more aesthetically pleasant and healthier environment for those using the room. An interior designer is a person who plans, researches, coordinate, and oversees these interior improvement projects. Interior designers often have specialized training in sensory integration, psychology, art history, architecture, electrical engineering, interior design principles and philosophy, etc. Interior designers may work for building contractors, architectural firms, or for consumers and interior designers interested in the interior design industry. There are a wide variety of fields in which an interior designer may find employment such as: schools and colleges, private firms, government agencies, museums, galleries, hotels, corporations, and private individuals. Aesthetics are one of the most important elements when considering interior design.
The interior environment must be able to meet regulatory requirements. In order to meet regulatory requirements, an interior designer must have the knowledge, skills and expertise to analyze a client’s needs, develop a feasible solution, and complete the project with satisfactory results. In addition to fulfilling regulatory requirements an interior design professional must also demonstrate the ability to communicate effectively with a variety of people, while considering the different preferences, tastes, and budgets of his or her clients. An interior designer must always strive to do a “lasting job” to earn a living.
Interior design includes many different components. One of the components of interior design includes planning. Planning begins with an assessment of the current situation in the interior space. This assessment identifies the purpose and types of furnishings, color schemes, textures, lighting, materials, furniture, storage, and limitations. The end result of this planning stage is an objective look at the interior space with an eye to optimizing functionality and optimising the design.
Another component of interior design includes choosing appropriate color schemes. Colors can affect mood, comfort, or energy level. In addition, some colors enhance certain characteristics of the room such as functionality, height, storage, durability, and visibility. Colors may include primary, secondary, or accent colors. Interior designers may include any color scheme that is functional, durable, aesthetically pleasing, or that meets a client’s needs.
The final component of interior design involves interaction with furniture, fixtures, wall color, flooring, cabinets, countertops, appliances, flooring, hardware, windows, doors, accessories, furniture, and accessories. Interior designers can work with architects, decorators, masons, carpenters, painters, and craftspeople. The architect is a skilled craftsman who is knowledgeable about building design principles. The decorator is a skilled artist who is skilled at creating an interior space that is both functional and aesthetically pleasing. The architect works closely with the interior designer to identify and select the furniture, fixtures, wall color, flooring, and cabinets that will be installed. In addition, the architect is responsible for creating a budget based upon materials, measurements, and cost.
Interior designers and architects are not one and the same; they do not work in the same manner. Rather, the duties and responsibilities of an interior designer vary according to the project, the designer, and the client. For example, a residential designer creates a floor plan or “blueprint” of an interior space that includes the furniture, fixtures, accessories, and finishes such as wallpaper and paint. An office designer creates an executive office plan that reflects the company’s vision for the workplace. Both types of designers should work together to develop an effective design scheme.